聚宝山公园景观生态评价毕业论文_生态学毕业论文

聚宝山公园景观生态评价毕业论文

2021-04-27更新

摘 要

本文以南京市聚宝山公园为研究对象,在对聚宝山公园现有景观资源充分了解的基础上,构建完整的公园景观生态评价体系,通过层次分析法进行评价,较为客观的反映出聚宝山公园的景观质量现状及存在的景观格局问题,研究的结果对今后南京市城市公园的建设具有重要意义。本文的主要研究结果如下:

(1)构建聚宝山森林公园景观生态评价指标体系。参考大量文献资料并结合专家学者的意见与建议,针对聚宝山森林公园的实际情况,选取了7个指标、共15项指标要素,构成聚宝山森林公园景观生态评价体系。

(2)采用层次分析法来获取各个评价层指标的权重及综合评价指数。以80份的问卷调查及专家学者的意见建议为基础,通过层次分析法确定各层指标的权重,聚宝山公园整体的景观生态质量较好,是较少的近自然公园之一。公园的建造也很贴合运动、休闲、时尚、养生的主题,是附近居民修身养性、周围单位员工放松身心的好地方,但是也存在一些不足之处,由于聚宝山公园被绕城公路一分为二,因而存在较大的噪声污染,且公园内部的一些娱乐设施本身也会给公园的生态环境造成一定的影响,游客的素质层次不齐也有影响。

(3)通过对聚宝山公园的景观生态调查,也为今后南京市建设其他城市公园提供了一些依据。公园代表一个城市的精神面貌,因此要尽量的保证公园的自然性,因地制宜;公园内的娱乐设施要适量,因为娱乐设施本身就会对公园的生态环境造成了一定的压力;公园要加强管理且做好环保宣传教育工作;公园的建设要在保证公园的自然性的前提下获得一定的经济效益,同时在设计方面也要人性化。

关键词:公园景观; 生态评价; 生态评价体系

Jubaoshan Park Landscape Ecological Evaluation

ABSTRACT

This article takes NanJing Jubaoshan Park as the research object.It can help build a complete urban park landscape ecological evaluation system on the basis of the full understanding on the current landscape of Jubaoshan park resources.Through the ecological evaluation,it can more objectively reflect the present park landscape quality situation and the problem of landscape pattern.Results of the study have important implications for future construction in Nanjing city park. The main contents and results are as follows:

(1)We do many researches on Jubaoshan Park and read a lot of documents to know the status and existing problems of the park.Constructing a qualitative assessment system of the landscape ecology in Jubaoshan Park.On the basis of documents,with expert advice,we choose 7 indicators including 15 essential indicators.Finally,we bulid the system of the landscape ecology.

(2)The analytic hierarchy process(AHP) is uesd to research on resources and existing landscape patterns problems in Jubaoshan Park. The park overall ecological quality of the landscape is good, it is one of the few natural parks. Construction of the park is also very fit for sports, leisure, fashion, health topics,it is a good place for nearby people to relax, but there are also some shortcomings, there is big noise pollution and some recreational facilities inside the park, itself will cause some impact on the ecological environment of the park, the quality level of the missing tourists also have an impact.

(4)By some basis,park is the spirit represent of a city , so we try to ensure the park’s natural and make less artificial landscape; the park recreational facilities is appropriate because entertainment itself will cause a certain amount of pressure; The construction of the park to get some economic benefits guaranteed under the premise of a natural park, while in terms of design but also human.

Key words:park landscapeecological evaluation; Ecological Assessment System

目 录

摘要…………………………………………………………………………………………………………I

ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………………………II

1 前言………………………………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1 研究的背景与目的意义……………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.1 研究背景………………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.2 研究的目的意义………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.2.1 研究的目的………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.2.2 研究的意义………………………………………………………………………………2

1.2 相关概念……………………………………………………………………………………………2

1.2.1 景观……………………………………………………………………………………………2

1.2.2 景观生态学……………………………………………………………………………………2

1.2.3 景观生态评价…………………………………………………………………………………2

1.3 国内外景观生态评价研究概况……………………………………………………………………3

1.3.1 国内相关研究概况……………………………………………………………………………3

1.3.2 国外相关研究状况……………………………………………………………………………3

1.4 研究内容……………………………………………………………………………………………3

1.5 研究技术路线………………………………………………………………………………………5

2 研究地概况与研究的方法………………………………………………………………………………5

2.1 研究地概况…………………………………………………………………………………………5

2.1.1 区位……………………………………………………………………………………………5

2.1.2 气候……………………………………………………………………………………………7

2.1.3 土壤……………………………………………………………………………………………7

2.1.4 水系……………………………………………………………………………………………7

2.1.5 植被……………………………………………………………………………………………7

2.2 研究的方法…………………………………………………………………………………………7

3 景观生态评价指标体系的研建…………………………………………………………………………9

3.1 评价指标体系的选取………………………………………………………………………………9

3.1.1 选取的原则……………………………………………………………………………………9

3.1.2 选取指标………………………………………………………………………………………10

3.2 指标的说明…………………………………………………………………………………………10

4 聚宝山森林公园景观生态评价的结果与分析…………………………………………………………11

4.1 数据的获取…………………………………………………………………………………………11

4.2 权重的确定以及判断矩阵一致性的检验…………………………………………………………13

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